Throughout history, most cultures have favored the power of men over women.
A good example of this is Abigail's pursuit of John Proctor. Hale questions Proctor about his poor church attendance and asks him to recite the Ten Commandments.
Abigail develops a detailed plan to acquire Proctor and will stop at nothing to see her plan succeed. Abigail, a cunning girl that is out for revenge, feels she has superiority over many of the other characters even though she is only a young girl. Elizabeth's character portrays a wife in distress after she finds out about her husband's affair, yet she still has courage throughout the play Because Abigail is an orphan in a society that does not value women, she is forced to depend on her uncle's kindness and avoid upsetting him or risk being thrown out to live on her own without any means to do so.
Miller also shows human nature through the development of characters. Do you understand that? In order to avoid severe punishment for casting spells and adultery — not to mention attempted murder when she plots Elizabeth's death — Abigail shifts the focus away from herself by accusing others of witchcraft.
Abigail represents the repressed desires — sexual and material — that all of the Puritans possess. It is based upon the Salem witch trails. He informs her that he fully intends to admit to their affair in court if necessary, and the scene ends with Abigail saying, "I will save you tomorrow According to the Puritanical mindset, Abigail's attraction to Proctor constitutes a sin, but one that she could repent of and refuse to acknowledge.