The Early Debate One of the most pressing issues during the early debate was the election of the president.
The Constitution was ordered engrossed on Saturday, September 15 by Jacob Shallus, and it was submitted for signing on September Rhode Island, which had opposed the Convention, sent no delegation.
Although the convention was intended to revise the Articles of Confederation, the intention from the outset of many of its proponents, chief among them James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, was to create a new government rather than fix the existing one.
The framers of the Constitution had originally imagined a weak presidency and a strong legislature divided into a House of Representatives and the Senate.
It advanced a bicameral legislature made up of a Senate and a House of Delegates. The problem had resulted from the understanding that the president would be chosen by Congress; the decision to have the president be chosen instead by an electoral college reduced the chance of the president becoming beholden to Congress, so a shorter term with eligibility for re-election became a viable option.
Oliver Ellsworth and Roger Shermanamong others, in what is sometimes called the Connecticutor Great, Compromise, proposed a bicameral legislature with proportional representation in the lower house and equal representation of the states in the upper house.
And soon after the first Congress convened in, it responded to the request of the seven states and approved 10 constitutional amendments drafted by James Madison that became the Bill of Rights. Did it do what it was expected to do? Between and the number of African slaves imported into the United States exceeded , only about 50, fewer than the total number of slaves imported to America in the preceding years!
Moreover, the young nation faced many other challenges and threats. The challenge that all nations in the world have faced not only in drafting a constitution, but also creating a form of government that both provides stability to its nation and sufficient civic responsibility and liberty to its people, is enormous.
More than half of the delegates had trained as lawyers, although only about a quarter practiced law as their principal means of business.